Infectious Diseases | Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College

Infectious Diseases

Infectious disease is a field of medicine which deals with diseases caused by microorganisms. These infections may spread from exposure to infected person, animal or contaminated surface that harbors a pathogen capable of infecting humans.

Depending on site of infection in the body, infections are classified primarily as respiratory infections, gastrointestinal infections, genitourinary infections, nervous system infections, skin and soft tissue infections, bone and joint infections, cardiovascular infections, and generalized (disseminated) infections.

Many Infectious diseases may contribute to other medical issues. Our experts work in close coordination with other specialists in the hospital to make sure that the patient gets the care that they need, depending on their situation.

Since LNH is a tertiary care hospital, the patient gets all the services and experts of all disciplines in one place. Highly specialized doctors work together and develop caretaking strategies among the multi-disciplinary team which gives the patient and caregivers a satisfaction of being taken care in a broader spectrum.


Specialized services provided by this specialty include:

Investigations, diagnosis and treatment of different types of infections caused by bacteria, virus, parasites or fungus such as:

  • Respiratory tract infections
    • Sore throat
    • Pharyngitis
    • Tonsillitis
    • Coryza
    • Diphtheria
    • Pneumonia
    • Lung Infection
    • Viral Bronchitis
  • Tuberculosis
    • Lung infection
    • Meningitis (Brain infection)
  • Heart Infections
    • Infective Endocarditis
    • Myocarditis
    • Pericarditis etc.
  • STI (Sexually transmitted infections)
    • Gonococcal infection etc.
  • Central nervous system infections
    • Abscess
    • Bacterial Meningitis
    • Encephalitis etc

  • Joint infections
    • Septic Arthritis
  • Skin and Soft Tissues infections
    • Foot infections as diabetic foot
    • Cellulitis
    • Erysipelas
  • Bone infections (Osteomyelitis)
  • HIV (AIDS) with Opportunistic infections
  • Typhoid (Salmonella Typhi infection)
  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • COVID-19 infection
  • Hepatitis B and C
  • Monkeypox (Mpox)
  • Chickenpox
  • Surgical site and wound infections
  • Skin Infections
    • Bacterial infection – Staph Infection
    • Fungal infection (e.g Ring worm)
    • Viral infection - Herpes Zoster Infection

  • Other possible kinds of infection
    • Acute infections and chronic infections
    • Bacterial Infections: Streptococcus, MRSA, Enterococcus, Salmonella, E. coli, Klebsiella etc.
    • Fungal Infections: Candidiasis/ Aspergillosis/ Mucormycosis
    • Viral Infections: Infectious Mononucleosis etc.
    • Parasitic Infections
    • Different types of Blood infections: MRSA, Resistant Gram negative bacteria, Candida Blood Stream Infections
    • Urinary tract Infections / Gastrointestinal Infections: All intestinal infections including Oral cavity (mouth), esophagus, colon, ileum, duodenum, and stomach etc. / liver infections)
    • Hospital and health care associated infections: Nosocomial Infections / Contagious and non-contagious infections
  • The infectious diseases service makes an important contribution to formulary decision making, antimicrobial restriction policies, and the establishment and operation of antimicrobial approval systems.
  • Infectious disease also provides services in Infection Control and prevention program in Hospital that works in conjunction with Quality Assurance to limit/eliminate risk of patient as well as, caregiver, visitor and staff exposure. It also defines policies for hospital acquired infections, drug resistant microbes surveillance, waste management, needle stick injuries, standard and transmission based precautions etc.

Education & Training

Infectious Diseases is fully involved in education and training of medical students of LNMC, interns and residents. Apart from daily bed side and small group teaching, workshops and programs for appropriate use of antimicrobials, hand hygiene, infection control & prevention guidelines, are also arranged for doctors, nurses and other paramedical staff. We are also actively participating in community awareness campaigns for pandemics (especially in the recent COVID-19 pandemic), outbreaks and immunization programs.

Frequently Asked Questions


Dr. Muhammad Owais Khan
Assistant Professor
Consultant Infectious Diseases

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Dr. Shameem Behram Khan
Assistant Professor, Infectious Diseases

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