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Paediatric Nephrology | Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College

Paediatric Nephrology

Paediatric nephrology is a well-defined & much needed specialty in Paediatrics. Nephrotic and nephritis syndromes are most common presentations in Pakistan.

Paediatric nephrology in Liaquat National hospital has expertise in the management of children and infants with:

  • Congenital anomalies of the renal tract
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Vasculitis
  • Inherited and acquired forms of tubulopathies
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR)
  • Renal stone disease
  • Hypertension
  • Inherited nephropathies
  • Renal stones
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Acute Kidney injury

What is Nephrotic syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that occur when your kidneys are unable to filter blood or remove waste and excess fluids through urination. The condition is caused by damage to the glomeruli, the tiny blood vessels that filter blood in your kidneys.

When the glomeruli are damaged, protein from the blood seeps into urine. This causes a buildup of waste and water in body, which can lead to chronic kidney failure. Therefore, need to be treated on urgent basis.

Signs & Symptoms:

Nephrotic syndrome symptoms can be severe, including:

  • Fatigue
  • Foamy or bubbly urine, caused by proteinuria
  • Hematuria (blood in urine/red or pink colour urine)
  • High cholesterol or triglyceride levels in the blood
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Proteinuria (too much protein in the urine)
  • Weight gain, due to fluid buildup

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic kidney failure is the last stage of chronic (slowly worsening) kidney disease. Also called as end-stage renal disease. It occurs when your kidneys can no longer filter blood or remove waste and excess fluids from your body during urination. As toxins and fluids build up in your body, it causes severe, life-threatening damage that can harm your kidneys, heart, brain, lungs, and bones.

Chronic kidney failure is the last stage of chronic (slowly worsening) kidney disease. Also called as end-stage renal disease. It occurs when your kidneys can no longer filter blood or remove waste and excess fluids from your body during urination. As toxins and fluids build up in your body, it causes severe, life-threatening damage that can harm your kidneys, heart, brain, lungs, and bones.

Signs & Symptoms:

The most common sign of chronic kidney failure is uremia, a collection of symptoms that includes:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fluid buildup around the heart
  • Nerve problems
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Coma

Services

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a common complication in pediatric and neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is frequently needed in children in whom supportive therapy is not enough to satisfy their metabolic demands. We also provide invasive procedure to diagnose different renal diseases before starting treatment. For both diagnostic & therapeutic purpose, we provide:

Frequently Asked Questions

Faculty

...
Dr. Atika Sher
Assistant Professor

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Contact

Please call us on 021-34412474.